Vehicle-to-vehicle communication V2V gives strength to wirelessly exchange information about the momentum and position of encompassing vehicles shows exceptional commitment in helping to circumvent crashes, reduce traffic congestion, and improve the environment.
But the most significant benefits can only be achieved when all vehicles can communicate with each other. The V2V communication messages range more than 300 meters and detect dangers obscured by traffic, terrain, or weather.
V2V communication extends and enhances current crash avoidance systems that use radars and cameras to detect collision threats. This new technology doesn’t just help drivers survive a crash—it helps them avoid the collision altogether.
Vehicles using V2V communication technology can range from cars and trucks to buses and motorcycles. Even bicycles and pedestrians may use one-day leverage V2V communication technology to enhance their visibility to motorists. Additionally, vehicle information communicated does not identify the driver or vehicle, and technical controls are available to deter vehicle tracking and tampering with the system.
Vehicle-to-vehicle communication, or V2V, enables cars to wirelessly exchange real-time information about surrounding vehicles’ speed, location, and heading. The technology following inter-vehicle communication permits vehicles to receive multi-directional messages, which produces a 360-degree clear recognition of all other carriers within the vicinity. These messages are used by cars to handle potential warnings like crashes, as they happen. The V2V technology then manipulates audio, visual, or physical alerts, or a mixture of all, to remind drivers.
How Vehicle to Vehicle Communication Operates
Vehicle communication is made possible by combining two vehicular data transmission modes – vehicle-to-vehicle and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure. These two systems operate in tandem to generate an interactive routing plan.
Internet of Things (IoT) devices like GPS receivers let vehicles broadcast out communication about their location via the V2V system. Another bit of the puzzle is road sensors that send data about road circumstances through the V2I network. Finally, dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC) technology combines the systems and guarantees vehicles hold all the essential information for safe navigation.
Benefits of Vehicle to Vehicle Communication
- Improving Traffic Management: Vehicle-to-vehicle communication is required for law enforcement officials. It supports the monitoring and management of traffic by employing real-time warnings from vehicles to decongest traffic. Officials accept vehicle communication to retain traffic, trail vehicles’ location, address speed limits, and conform traffic light programs. To drivers, V2V communication encourages them to avoid traffic snarl-ups and keep a reasonable distance from other vehicles.
- Providing Driver Assistance: The V2V communication provision supplies drivers with adequate control over their vehicles. Timely warnings like the height of a nearby bridge are invaluable to drivers operating large fleet trucks or oversized hauling cargo. In addition, the technology may support safe parking, including parallel parking, made possible by implementing alerts about other vehicles parked nearby.
- Improving Fuel Efficiency: The close formation driving carried forth by vehicle communication goes excellent in fuel economy. The leading truck in a troop is the leader of the set to be followed by all other trucks. Therefore, all vehicles must adapt their speed and location according to a communication stream by forming a constant formation.
- Direction and Route Optimization: This technology helps drivers get to their destinations with more efficiency. Vehicle-to-vehicle communication is designed to, among other things, give drivers vital travel information directly through installed systems. The location of the goal, maps, and tips for route optimization can be achieved through this technology.
- Checks Possible Crashes: Motor-vehicle accidents claim about 33,000 people worldwide each year. The numbers keep rising with better highways and high-speed vehicles constantly being launched. That makes road safety a primary concern. However, with V2V communication technology in place, such accidents can be minimized by 70 to 80 percent.
Limitations of Vehicle to Vehicle Communication
- Security Risks: The possible results of any security breach caused by V2V-enabled vehicles can be catastrophic, with marketing wars and crime accounting for a large portion of road hijacking. Potential risks involve missing control of a car to someone else due to a hacked system, following in the car doors locking up, or the engine exceeding the speed limit.
- Concerns of Liability: V2V communication technology has very fresh and clear guidelines. It is yet to be established, so incidents concerning vehicles installed with V2V could bring about liability concerns. If, for instance, prompts given by the V2V communication system issue in an accident, there would be challenges building whose responsibility it was in the first section.
- Privacy Issues: Private companies and the government can easily track vehicles without concrete regulations governing the technology. At the same time, they can control drivers and driving habits. For example, all parties with access to Automated License Plate Readers can monitor and collect data involving vehicles with V2V communication.
- Potential Distraction to Drivers: For the vehicle to vehicle communication to work, human intervention is needed. The driver must take action, like texting or speaking on the phone, while operating the system. It is still in the initial stages of evolution, but there is a lot of effort to guarantee minimal driver distraction, as an act of distraction could cause an accident.
- Vehicle-to-vehicle communication systems can save lives and improve driving efficiency, potentially generating extensive improvements in fleet productivity. They also have a tremendous potential effect on communities and big cities across the globe. They may also minimize road congestion, which contributes directly to reduced carbon emissions in urban centers.
Examples of Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication
- Chorus Mobility: Chorus Mobility, a USA-based startup that produces applications based on blockchains for enhanced V2V accounts. The applications provide Autonomous Vehicles to interact and share information and data. Finally, the shared information includes factors like the status of traffic, highways, weather, etc.
- Flexibility: Flexibility is a Russian-based startup that develops and generates close-range V2V solutions known as the Flexroad. This is installed in certain vehicles, allowing the car to interact with other cars in a limited or specific range. In addition, these vehicles warn each other about potential collisions and risks to take preventive measures.
As of now, vehicle-to-vehicle communication systems are limited to sending warnings to drivers only. However, the technology is well past the infant stage, and plans are advanced to design the next generation of V2V systems with autonomous driving in mind. That suggests the system will have the power to control a vehicle upon spotting imminent danger to prevent disaster.