Various stone furniture was discovered in an unearthed site dating from 3,100 to 2,500 BCE, from chests and beds to stone shelves and stools. Since these early cases, the table has always been applied to express ideas: be it the expensive and luxurious furniture of Ancient Egypt, intended to demonstrate the power and wealth of the empire, to the practical and simplified plans of the Bauhaus, meant to reconstruct rationality in the business, studying the development of furniture design is necessary to understanding architectural techniques.
Dissociating architecture from furniture is almost incredible. As Le Corbusier parking modern cars in his project photos imply, the objects that enhance a domestic space display the wealth and lifestyle of the user who resides in it. From the importance that humanity terminated to be nomadic, there have survived records of rudimentary furniture.
Nowadays, technological advancement and the internet have made changes faster and faster, making them even more difficult to assimilate and follow. Furniture follows this trend, be it designing, building, or even selling stocks. Below, we describe some ways in which technology has influenced this field:
Whether it’s filtered on Instagram or interactive games, Augmented Reality has discontinued promising the future and instead invaded our daily lives. The technology primarily uses the cell phone, which we bring all the time, and its camera and sensors. In addition, the technology allows us to superimpose virtual objects onto natural environments. In the state of furniture, AR applications assist, above all, in locating desired objects in a real space, providing a better sense of color, scale, and how the situation will see in the future.
That is why various companies have been investing in tools to enhance the visualization of their outputs, creating these circumstances even better. Morpholio, for instance, enables users to interpolate some of the most iconic pieces of furniture into their own homes through several cracks. The giant IKEA also received an application to examine its furniture in natural environments.
In addition to visualization, AR tools also exist to assist users. For instance, the designer Adam Pickard has been producing an application to assemble the brand’s furniture through AR, which could save users at least a few tears and a few drops of sweat.
3D printing is more comprehensive than we conceive. These machines, marketing at increasingly affordable prices, usually work by depositing and gluing coating by coating tiny bits of some material like plastic, glass, metal, ceramics, and concrete. It relates to a type of manufacturing called additive manufacturing, in which three-dimensional geometries displayed on a computer with a three-dimensional model and a CAD drawing are transposed into reality employing only the exact amount of material needed. It is building shapes that would be impossible for a human being to produce.
Its use increases from industrial design to copies of archaeological objects, and promising research is underway to manufacture artificial human organs and tissues, limb prostheses, and more. The options are also profuse when discussing furniture, from printing connectors and junctions for shelves or benches to making complete furniture.
Among various other 3D printing initiatives, one that draws consideration is Zero Waste Lab, a research project in which Greek citizens can convert plastic waste into urban movables. This trash, hugely polluting and practically indestructible, is processed to become raw material for this new furniture and to redesign public spaces in Thessaloniki, Greece.
3D printing at an industrialized scale still doesn’t seem achievable, which could grow very soon. But it could prove extremely useful for furnishing remote places and even other planets, as discussed in NASA simulations, to establish groundworks on Mars. Currently, for the production of prototypes, exclusive furniture, and the printing of parameterized and natural forms, 3D printing is already a certainty.
When we start Netflix, reclining on the couch, the app’s artificial intelligence starts to recommend movies and series that may satisfy us. Or when we want to know the quickest way to an address, a maps application appropriates several operations to give us a satisfactory result, which may increase throughout the route. The word Artificial Intelligence is often applied to the strength of a machine or system to reason, create meaning, speculate, or learn from prior experiences.
AI is used in the generative plan in furniture design. The computer can generate thousands of iterations, following parameters and arrangements pre-established by the user to appear at the most suitable solutions.
Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things leads to the digital interconnection of familiar objects with the internet and between themselves. Appliances, carriers, public equipment, and other objects equipped with sensors and connections collect and transmit data. It makes it possible, first, for these objects to be controlled remotely via cell phones or computers, and, second, for the things themselves to be used as Internet Access Providers.
In addition to its primary function (which it will continue to perform), internet furniture can grant us comfort, reduce repetitive tasks, remind us of commitments, and even protect health. For example, if your phone connects to the air conditioner, your house may already be at the desired warmth when you come home. You can constrain the lights even if you are traveling, sprinkle your plants with the exact amount of water and soil acidity required, and so on. Refrigerators can automatically place an order when mentioning the lack of essential food, giving the user to confirm the order and accept the delivery boy. This functionality can be beneficial to older adults living apart or to people with visible injuries.
But the Internet of Things can go still further. Research into toilets equated to the internet, whose sensors and AI can recognize early disease symptoms and support people control chronic conditions like diabetes. The opportunities are endless, and the Internet of Things can affect every system of life, from the daily roles of a room to the administration of infrastructures of entire states. With this innovative technology, care can be taken to guarantee further safety and resource economies.
While some may experience these rapid developments as a grim situation in which machines will get over, the use of the human being remains necessary to define parameters, goals and provide the right direction to technologies. For example, can a machine know all the requirements and needs of a user? How can a computer learn concepts like ergonomics or the quality of wood fibers? Without uncertainty, the future is a partnership between computers and humans to reach decisions more informed, manage resources smarter, and enhance people’s essence of life.