What is the difference between Python and Ruby?

Python developers

Are you not sure whether you need to hire Ruby developers or Python ones? Sometimes it is confusing for a non-technical person to figure out which solution is the best. No worries though, we’re here to help you out with our in-depth Python vs. Ruby comparison. 

But before we go into the differences between these two, let’s first define them one by one. 


What is Python? 

What is Python? It is the most used programming language of 2021: it’s even ahead of Java and JavaScript! Most of the programmers are familiar with Python, and they just love it because it is so simple and easy to use. 

Also, if you know Python, you’ll have an easy time finding a job because Python developers are one of the most sought professionals in the current market. 

But let’s get into a more technical definition of Python.

Python is a general-purpose, high-level programming language. Its object-oriented approach fosters clear and logical code writing, no matter if your project is a large-scale or a relatively small one. 

The main philosophy of Python is to make code more readable by using significant indentation. It also has built-in data structures, dynamic typing and building, and other handy features which make it a perfect solution for fast application development. 

In short, it is a simple and fast programming language that is relatively easy to grasp and is one of the most popular choices among beginners. 

What is Ruby?

Ruby is the gem in the programming world. It is a purely object-oriented language with an extensive and supportive community. Ruby helps developers to write code that is made with humans in mind and not merely for computers. 

Like Python, it offers a clean and elegant syntax that is easy to write and read. 

Ruby has been here for already three decades and was invented by Yukihiro Matsumoto in Japan. As Yukihiro has told himself, the main influences for the language were Perl, BASIC, Lisp, Smalltalk, Ada, and Eiffel

Now that the definitions are cleared out, let’s get to the: 

Python vs. Ruby Comparison 

They are both high-level languages with simple syntax. Both languages show dexterity with web applications but also demonstrate a wide range of uses. 

Both Python and Ruby are used in web development, and both are considered to be popular choices because of their simplicity. So it is pretty tough to understand which language to choose. 

But let’s first go through some of them: 

Advantages of Python 

  • It’s extensive 

Python is full of third-party modules and supports large libraries, which simplifies the programming process, allowing you to add different features and functionalities to the code. Take the example of the Python Package Index (PyPi): it alone has almost 300,000 packages

  • It’s easy 

Yes, we know that we’ve mentioned this already a couple of times, but it’s worth repeating: Python is easy, like super easy. Even if you have no programming knowledge, you can still figure it out with some beginner-friendly tutorials. And even if you’re not a beginner, you’ll love Python. It allows you to accomplish the same task with fewer lines of code compared to C or Java.

  • It’s more productive. 

Some programming languages are so complicated it takes you a while to figure out how to code with them, even if you took your time and thoroughly studied them. With Python, this scenario can never come up. Its user-friendly data structures make coding with Python super productive. 

Now, let’s take a look at some of the main:

Advantages of Ruby 

  • It’s intentional 

As Ruby was created a little later than Python, it is considered to be a better organized one, as it is more object-oriented than its competitor. And in many other aspects, too, Ruby offers better-designed solutions. 

  • It’s fast

The developers who work with Ruby on Rails, which is the most popular web framework based on Ruby, spend 40% less time on building the applications. So Ruby allows pretty fast development.

And again: 

  • It’s easy

Just like Python. Ruby is one of the easiest programming languages to work with. It has a feature that predicts and auto-writes code for you based on your beginning input, making coding less challenging. 


What’s the final verdict? 

In a way, we have none. Both of the languages are a valid choice, and it really depends on the project you’re working on. But whichever language you choose in the end, you’re sure to enjoy it. 

Let us know in the comments section which of the languages is your favorite one!