What is IAM? Identity and Access Management Guide

Access Management

Cyberthreats are getting more sophisticated each day hackers and cybercriminals may easily steal passwords and breach network systems if a company fails to adopt necessary measures. Moreover, if data is not stored safely enough, a breach may result in information exposition of sensitive data, which may affect everyone in the company. Also, it may get more complicated when an enterprise tries to establish access controls for employees who require access to multiple data sources.

Nonetheless, there seem to be a number of cybersecurity solutions, standards, and frameworks that may provide businesses with comprehensive security, such as the Identity and Access Management framework. Identity and Access Management (IAM) technologies are intended to help enterprises administer authentication and authorization while also securing their network infrastructure. So, here you can see what is IAM, how it works, and its advantages.

Identity and Access Management Framework

Identity and Access Management is a guideline, framework, and security discipline utilized to establish, administer, and regulate credentials, application access privileges, and networks. IAM includes both the identification of users and the identification of positions in a system together with the assignment of those positions to employees. IAM systems also offer identification and personal data privacy, together with information management features to assure that only required information is shared.

IAM is an all-encompassing framework for administering the whole company’s credentials across operating systems, programs, and endpoints. Companies may monitor user behaviors, generate relevant data, and using Identity and Access Management technologies, carry out procedures that enhance regulatory compliance.

Identity and Access Management: How It Works?

The Identity Management Institute describes Identity and Access Management (IAM) solution as a system that comprises three main features: authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA). This model forms a benchmark for every IAM framework: User identity authentication,

individual assets access authorization and tracking consumption for accounting.

Besides, the IAM system sets rules for managing, tracking, and regulating identity and access to data. Authorization to access a service is not issued explicitly to a user instead, privileges are organized into positions, which are assigned to qualified devices and individuals. In addition, the IAM framework establishes and validates the roles assigned to users and only gives access at the necessary level.

Identity and Management Services

IAM utilizes a number of instruments and capabilities to protect network systems. These are generally integrated into a unified application. By utilizing certain services, the IAM framework offers comprehensive protection to enterprises. Here are some of those tools listed below:

  • Single Sign-on: SSO is an authentication tool that allows users to safely authenticate with numerous apps and websites using a single form of identification.
  •  Multi-Factor Authentication Tools: MFA is an authentication mechanism that requires the user to give two or more verification factors in order to obtain access to a resource.
  • Automatic De-Provisioning: When employees quit their jobs access rights are immediately de-provisioned with this tool.
  • Attribute-Based Access Control: ABAC is an authorization paradigm that determines access to particular traits rather than roles.
  • User Monitoring: It tracks usersí behavioral patterns and activities to record how users interact with your networks.
  • Credential Management: It detects password breaches and regulates access until the password is recovered.
  • Access Provisioning: Regularly giving access depending on set criteria and providing access to new members.
  • Context-Aware Network Access Control: Based on the current condition of the users making the access request, it permits access to network resources.
  • Identity as a Service ó IDaaS: Supplying IAM features to a company’s on-site and cloud-based technologies.

Identity and Access Management Advantages

As seen above, the IAM solution offers comprehensive security by utilizing different tools. However, safety and privacy are not the only benefits IAM offers. Additionally, it makes it possible for businesses to collaborate and worry-free access one another’s network systems. It helps companies to comply with existing regulations and improves user experience. This is what makes IAM a wise choice for companies. Letís check these benefits briefly:

  • Allows Collaboration: Since IAM grants a specific level of authorization, companies that work together can only reach permitted content that allows them to work together without risking a data breach.
  • Regulatory Compliance: IAM solutions assist businesses in complying with regulatory obligations by tracking user access to data and the security of that access.
  • Improved User Experience: An IAM service may utilize single-factor authentication, which enables devices to connect to numerous platforms without having to log out, allowing them to continue sharing content without interruption.

Risks and Challenges of Identity and Access Management

With all these advantages, a company may encounter some risks and challenges that may occur while implementing an IAM solution. Even though these risks would not necessarily emerge while implementing or utilizing an IAM solution, it is better to know them before they happen. Letís check these challenges and how to mitigate them:

  • Excessive Permission: Since every program and platform has a unique authorization model it sometimes can be difficult to maintain monitoring every device’s privileges.
  • External Data Sharing: It may be difficult to regulate how data is shared via cloud services, and occasionally companies are unable to keep track of the sorts of information exchanged, which may include sensitive data.
  • Misconfigurations: Misconfiguration refers to a problem when a product or program is configured improperly, and malicious actors might use misconfiguration to get access to classified data.


Cybersecurity solutions play an important role in this modern world. Companies store so much information and sensitive data in the clouds which may make them vulnerable to cyberattacks. Adopting the correct solution, such as IAM, may, on the other hand, strengthen a company’s network infrastructure and provide strict protection. Moreover, this comprehensive security provides protection not just for companies but also for customers and employees.

Also, like other cybersecurity measures, an IAM solution can protect a companyís reputation by not allowing vital cyber-attacks to happen and show your customers or other companies that want to work with you your reliability.  The easy accessibility that IAM offers to customers, workers, or business relationships is extremely beneficial to large enterprises that operate abroad Employees and clients require access to specific data regardless of where they are physically located.