Both Python and C++ are general-purpose programming languages, which have a lot of common and, at the same time, both of them have a lot of differences, sometimes making it hard to chose, which one might be better for the future project.
For example, C++ programing language was created on the basis of the C language. However, this upgrade was a powerful innovation as a lot of improvements were made to C++, like the feature of compilation.
Python is a multifunctional high-level programming language, which variable can be used directly without declaring when coding in Python. In C++, every program must be compiled on every operating system in which code must be executed. Thus Python is very convenient for the ability it gives – to write the code once and use it for different operating systems in case of primarily installed Python software. This software allows running the python code on every operating system.
One of the C++ disadvantages is its memory issue. With its strong accent on the pointers usage and the absence of the garbage collection, the code might take a lot of memory space. Python development, on contrary, provides programmers with the function of garbage collector and a dynamic memory output process that provides efficient memory management.
The following technical aspect of the C++ makes it a one step forward before Python. When writing code in C++ the programmer should declare the type of data before using one. So, this eliminates the ambiguity of the code meaning, functions and purposes, when it comes to the code errors solving. And so, the less ambiguity – the easier it is to solve handle with the mistakes. When coding in Python, it is not necessary to specify the data type before using it. This makes the code a bit shorter and much simpler to write. For example, in C++, the programmer must declare that int = 5, whereas in Python a = 5 is sufficient.
Because of the high-level and low-level features used when C++ was developed, it is called the intermediate-level programming language. In addition, C++ supports the classes concepts, multiple inheritances, operator overloading, exception handling, virtual functions, and so on.
From its side, Python is object-oriented programming language well-known for its simplicity to use and readability of code. It is one of the high-level programming languages. Python consists of built-in code templates that provide the function of executing a clear code on small and large scales.
In general, C++ is used to design hardware. Architecturally it is limited and planned to develop the language description of the hardware.
Python has the other purposes to be used, mainly for scripting, and it is also used for others not related to the scripting. In addition, Python has its own application with some inbuilt tools.
Many prototyping projects nowadays are coded in Python. All thanks to its simple and small-sized code, which enables to test the new ideas and perform the high coding rate with the fewer amount of money spent on the project. The same prototyping via C++ would be unreasonable because of the time-consuming process and money needed for the project realization.
Despite its prototyping-friendly nature, programmers may face with minor difficulties when trying to install Python on their Windows boxes. On contrary, C++ does not have such a problem. And also, Python is seriously less compatible with the others systems in use than C++. Nevertheless, because of its user-friendly syntax Python’s enormous amount of libraries is easier for learning and implementation for real coding. Still, it doesn’t change the fact that a variety of applications were written in C++.
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