A Beginner’s Guide to Web Development: Tools, Frameworks and Languages

Web Development

Web development is a process of creating websites or web applications that are accessible over the internet. As a beginner, there are several tools, frameworks, and languages you can use to get started with web development. Here is a beginner’s guide to web development that covers the basics of tools, frameworks, and languages.


Web development tools are software programs that help developers create, test, and debug web applications. Here are some popular tools for web development:

  1. Text editors: Text editors are software programs that allow you to write and edit code. Popular text editors include Visual Studio Code, Atom, and Sublime Text.
  2. Integrated Development Environments (IDEs): IDEs are software programs that provide a complete environment for web development, including text editors, debugging tools, and compilers. Some popular IDEs include Visual Studio, Eclipse, and JetBrains WebStorm.
  3. Version control systems (VCS): VCS are tools that help developers manage changes to their code over time. Git is a popular VCS used by web developers.
  4. Browser Developer Tools: Browsers such as Google Chrome and Firefox have built-in developer tools that allow you to inspect and debug your web application.


Web development frameworks are collections of pre-written code that developers can use to speed up their development process. Frameworks provide a structure and guidelines for developing web applications. Here are some popular web development frameworks:

  1. Front-end frameworks: Front-end frameworks are used to develop the user interface of a web application. Popular front-end frameworks include React, Angular, and Vue.js.
  2. Back-end frameworks: Back-end frameworks are used to develop the server-side of a web application. Popular back-end frameworks include Ruby on Rails, Express.js, and Django.


Web development languages are used to write code that runs on the front-end and back-end of a web application. Here are some popular web development languages:

  1. HTML: HTML is a markup language used to create the structure and content of web pages.
  2. CSS: CSS is a style sheet language used to add style and layout to web pages.
  3. JavaScript: JavaScript is a programming language used to create interactive and dynamic web applications.
  4. PHP: PHP is a server-side scripting language used to create dynamic web pages.
  5. Python: Python is a general-purpose programming language used for web development, data science, and machine learning.

In conclusion, web development is a vast field, and there are many tools, frameworks, and languages to choose from. As a beginner, it’s essential to start with the basics and gradually work your way up. Remember to practice and experiment with different tools, frameworks, and languages to find what works best for you.

Which is more popular PHP or Python?

Both PHP and Python are popular programming languages in web development, but they have different use cases and communities.

PHP has been around for a long time and is often associated with server-side scripting and web development. It is widely used for building dynamic web pages and web applications, especially with popular content management systems like WordPress and Drupal. PHP has a vast community of developers and a large number of libraries and frameworks available for it. This makes it a popular choice for web development, especially for smaller projects that require quick and efficient development.

Python, on the other hand, is a more general-purpose language with a wide range of applications, including web development. Python’s popularity has grown significantly in recent years, especially in the fields of data science, machine learning, and scientific computing. Python’s versatility and ease of use have made it popular for building web applications, especially with frameworks like Django and Flask. Python’s large community of developers has also contributed to its popularity, with a wealth of libraries and frameworks available.

In terms of popularity, both languages have their strengths and weaknesses. However, according to various surveys and statistics, Python is considered to be more popular than PHP in recent years, especially in the areas of data science and machine learning. However, this does not mean that PHP is not popular in web development; it still has a significant presence, especially in the web hosting industry.

Ultimately, the choice of programming language depends on the specific requirements of the project, the developer’s expertise, and the available resources.