In recent years essential oils have emerged as popular home remedies for most of the skin issues. But, are they useful in burns.
Burn is a common injury. It is severe skin damage that causes the cells to die and is characterized by a burning sensation. However, the treatment and recovery depend on the degree of burn. A serious burn requires immediate hospitalization and may be life-threatening.
In general, the burn is divided into first, second and third degree depending on the damage to the skin.
1st-degree burn- the Only outer layer of skin is involved. It is also termed as superficial burn. Skin is red and non-blistered.
2nd-degree burn- Damage extends beyond the uppermost layer of the skin. Blisters are formed along with some thickening of the skin
3rd-degree burn- Damage extends through all the layer of the skin. Damage is so extensive that even nerves are damaged, and so there may not be any pain. Thickening is widespread along with the white and leathery appearance.
Also, there is fourth-degree burn where damage extends into tendons and bones.
Essential oils are used to treat and alleviate the symptoms of a first- degree. It may also help in a few cases of second degree burn. For widespread second degree burn that includes the face, groin, buttocks, feet and hands seek medical treatment. Never attempt to treat 3rd degree burn and call an ambulance immediately and make sure while medical treatment arrives the injured part is raised above the heart.
Essential Oils For Burn
Minor and superficial burn in which only surface skin is involved do not require any medical attention and can be treated at home. A thumb rule to follow here is to first run cool water for 15-20 minutes to the affected area. Water should be cool and not cold. Cold water may worsen the healing. You can combine cool water with essential oil of your choice for rapid recovery, alleviate pain and prevent scars. After this apply cool compress to the affected area for a few minutes to soothe the burning and relieve pain. The last step is to apply antibiotic ointment available over the counter. You may make burn home remedy with essential oils and apply it the affected part for quick healing.
Essential oils are one of the most effective home treatment for a minor burn, to reduce swelling and speed the recovery.
Top Essential Oils For Burn
- Peppermint Essential Oil– For burn caused due to stoves, heated ovens and steam or kitchen scald, peppermint essential oil is most preferred. It is rich in methanol which has a cooling effect. Thus it alleviates pain and fastens healing.
- Frankincense Essential Oil– Frankincense essential oil is well known for its anti-inflammatory properties and forms a protective layer over the skin. It is rich in skin strengthening compounds that heals wound an prevents space. Also, it has pain relieving properties. It increases the flow of blood to the affected area and reduces swelling and also promotes skin regeneration.
- Neroli Essential Oil– You can treat both new and old scars that are caused by burn with neroli essential oil. Neroli essential oil has skin regenerating properties. It improves skin elasticity and has pain relieving and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Lavender Essential oil- Lavender essential oil is used to clean wounds, cuts and burn. It reduces swelling, promotes relaxation and reduces pain.
- Tea Tree Oil– Melaleuca oil or tea tree oil is a brilliant remedy to pain and treat skin disorders. It has antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties and prevents infection.
How To Use Essential Oils For Burn
Essential oils should never be applied directly to the burns, or it may exacerbate burn and cause pain and inflammation.
You can apply essential oils to treat burn in the following ways:
- Cool Compress– Choose the essential oil of your choice. Add five drops of it to a cup of water. Mix well. Soak a clean cloth with it and then apply to the affected part for 10-15 minutes. Repeat this daily until healing begins.
- As Ointment or Lotion– Never cover a fresh burn with oily products or bacteria may get trapped and lead to infection. But you may apply diluted essential oil once the inflammation subsides to promote healing and keep the affected area moisturized. Mix a few drops of essential oil with a carrier oil such as coconut oil, olive oil or jojoba oil and apply to the healing burn until complete healing takes place.
After applying essential oil if essential oils are used correctly, they effectively treat burn.Essential oils are safe to use so do add them to your medicine cabinet or firstaid box.
*If you experience itching or rash or if inflammation worsens stop using essential oil. It is always recommended to have a patch test to rule out allergy from the specific essential oil.