Transplanting is a critical issue but is a lifesaving procedure. An organ from another body can save your life when yours are no longer working. The surgical removal of organ is done by specialized surgeons, who then replaces the deceased organ with a healthy working one. This is a complex procedure and a long tedious operation. The organs are taken from a deceased donor who wish to donate their organs to help other people in times of need.
Why is Liver Needed?
Liver is an essential organ in the body as it is responsibility for removing toxicity from the body. The main job of liver is to filter the blood that comes from the digestive track and passes it to the rest of the body. The bad toxins from the filter is later removed through the sewage tracks of the human body. It is also responsible for bile secretion in the body. If the liver is not functioning properly then the toxins accumulate in the body, leading to various diseases. Just think, what would happen to your room when you don’t clean it for months! Similarly, your body too is affected.
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What are the Types of Liver Issues?
Liver transplant in India is related to several types of liver diseases and usually carried out by the physician in the last stage of the disease. We can classify the liver issues into the following types:
- Hepatitis – this is when liver inflammation occurs. It is caused by viruses like Hepatitis A, B and C. The causes of hepatitis can be varied including heaving drinking, obesity, severe allergy and more.
- Cirrhosis – we have heard this term a lot when causes are related to heavy drinking problems. It can lead to permanent scarring of liver and transplants are needed in such cases.
- Liver failure – this happens when the liver stops to function. This is highly related to liver function, when at the last stage the liver stops working. Genetic cases can also be a factor along with heavy drinking.
- Liver Cancer – liver cancer is rare but not unseen. A common type called hepatocellular carcinoma is seen in most cases. Liver transplant in India is not done in such cases as even transplanting may not cure a patient.
- Hemochromatosis – this happens when iron deposits on the liver and damages it. This is a serious case causing serious health problems.
- Biliary Cirrhosis – this is a rare disorder and the causes are unknown. In this type the bile duct is slowly destroyed.
- Sclerosing Cholangitis – this too is a rare case causing scarring and injuries in the bile duct.
According to a study people who undergo liver transplants have 89% survival rate. The year following a transplant is critical and must be carefully maintained and taken care of. After five years the survival rate reduces to 75%. No matter how hard we try, we cannot interfere in the natural processes of the body. In many cases it is also seen that the new liver too stops functioning and original disease reappears.
Image credit: Liver via Natali_ Mis/shutterstock